Bharat Ratna Award List in India

Bharat Ratna Award List from 1954 to 2022 with all facts and details of recipient, Download PDF of Bharat Ratna Award in India, Also Check out List of Benefits and Entitlements given to the recipient of Bharat Ratna Award

Bharat Ratna Award List in India : Bharat Ratna Award is India's highest civilian award. Bharat Ratna is awarded for the highest degrees of national service. The Bharat Ratna Award was instituted in 1954. As per the Indian Government, Bharat Ratna award is given to any candidate for highest order of performance in any filed of human endeavour. The prime minister gives the recommendation for Bharat Ratna award to the president. Bharat Ratna Award is the highest civilian award of the country. Bharat Ratna Award List is given below.

On Conferment of the award, the recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the president and a medallion. Complete Bharat Ratna Award List with awarded date and description is given below.

Bharat Ratna Award List Overview

Name of Award Bharat Ratna
Country Indian
Type of AwardNational Civilian
Presented By President of India
Establishment Year1954
First Awarded 1954
Obverse or Principal DesignAn Image of Sun along with "Bharat Ratna"
inscribed in Devnagari Script on a Peepal Leaf
Reverse A Platinum State Emblem of India placed in the center with "Satyameva Jayate" written in Devangari script
Bharat Ratna Award List Overview

Bharat Ratna Award Benefits and Entitelements List

The Bharat Ratna Award does not carry any monetary benefits, The Bharat Ratna Awardee are given several entitlements which includes

  1. The Medallion and Miniature
  2. A certifiacte singed by the President of India
  3. Bharat Ratna Awardee is treated as a state guest by State Government when traveling within a state
  4. Indian Missions abroad requested to facilitate recipients when requested
  5. Diplomatic Passport
  6. Executive class Free travel on Air India for Lifetime.
  7. Placed 7a in the Indian order of Precedence.

Bharat Ratna Award List 1954 to 2022

The Bharat Ratna award List with description year wise given below.

Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award Awarded In YearBrief Description
(First recipient of Bharat Ratna Award)
1954An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last Governor-General of independent India. He was Chief Minister of Madras Presidency (1937–39) and Madras State (1952–54); and founder of the Indian political party Swatantra Party
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(First recipient of Bharat Ratna Award)
1954He served as India's first Vice-President (1952–62) and second President (1962–67). Since 1962, his birthday on 5 September is observed as "Teachers' Day" in India.
C. V. Raman
(First recipient of Bharat Ratna Award)
1954Widely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as "Raman scattering", Raman mainly worked in the field of atomic physics and electromagnetism and was presented Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
Bhagwan Das1955Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist, and co-founder of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapithand worked with Madan Mohan Malaviya for the foundation of Banaras Hindu University
M. Visvesvaraya1955Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore (1912–18), was a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. His birthday, 15 September, is observed as "Engineer's Day" in India.
Jawaharlal Nehru1955Independence activist and author, Nehru is the first and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India (1947–64).
Govind Ballabh Pant1957Independence activist Pant was premier of United Provinces (1937–39, 1946–50) and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54). He served as Union Home Minister from 1955–61.
Dhondo Keshav Karve1958Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University in 1916.
Bidhan Chandra Roy1961A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal". He was second Chief Minister of West Bengal (1948–62) and his birthday on 1 July is observed as National Doctors' Day in India.
Purushottam Das Tandon1961Often titled as "Rajarshi", Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1937–50). He was actively involved in a campaign to get official language status to Hindi.
Rajendra Prasad1962Independence activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar, Prasad was closely associated with Mahatma Gandhi in the non-cooperation movement for Indian independence. He was later elected as the first President of India (1950–62).
Zakir Husain1963Independence activist and education philosopher, Husain served as a Vice Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University (1948–56) and the Governor of Bihar (1957–62). Later, he was elected as second Vice-President of India (1962–67) and went on to become the third President of India (1967–69).
Pandurang Vaman Kane1963Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, Kane is best known for his five-volume literary work, History of Dharmasastra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India; the "monumental" work that extends over nearly 6,500 pages and being published from 1930 to 1962.
Lal Bahadur Shastri1966Known for his slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ("Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer"), Independence activist Shastri served as second Prime Minister of India (1964–66) and led the country during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
Indira Gandhi1971Known as the "Iron Lady of India", Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India during 1966–77 and 1980–84. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, her government supported Bangladesh Liberation War which led to the formation of a new country, Bangladesh.
V. V. Giri1975While studying at the University College Dublin, Giri was involved in the Irish Sinn Fein movement. Returning to India, he organized labour unions and brought them to take active participation in Indian freedom struggle. He was elected as the first President of the All India Trade Union Congress in 1926. Post-independence, Giri held positions of Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore and various other cabinet ministries. He became the first acting President and was eventually elected as the fourth President of India (1969–74).
K. Kamaraj1976Independence activist and statesman Kamaraj was a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63.
Mother Teresa 1980"Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work in 1979 and was beatified on 19 October 2003 by Pope John Paul II and canonised on 4 September 2016 by Pope Francis.
Vinoba Bhave1983Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, Bhave is best known for his Bhoodan movement, "Land-Gift Movement". He was given the honorific title "Acharya" ("teacher") and was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work.
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987Widely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He joined Khilafat Movement in 1920 and founded Khudai Khidmatgar ("Red Shirt movement") in 1929.
M. G. Ramachandran1988Actor turned politician Ramachandran served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, and 1985–87.
B. R. Ambedkar1990Social reformer and leader of the Dalits ("Untouchables"), Ambedkar was the Chief architect of the Indian Constitution and also served as the first Law Minister of India. Ambedkar predominantly campaigned against the social discrimination with Dalits, the Hindu varna system. He was associated with the Dalit Buddhist movement and accepted Buddhism as a religion along with his close to half a million followers on 14 October 1956.
Nelson Mandela1990Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, Mandela was the President of South Africa (1994–99). Often called as the "Gandhi of South Africa", Mandela's African National Congress movement was influenced by Gandhian philosophy. In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Rajiv Gandhi1991Gandhi was the ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.
Vallabhbhai Patel1991Widely known as the "Iron Man of India", Patel was an independence activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India (1947–50). Post-independence, "Sardar" ("Leader") Patel worked with V. P. Menon towards dissolving 555 princely states into the Indian union.
Morarji Desai1991Independence activist Desai was the sixth Prime Minister of India (1977–79). He is the only Indian national to be awarded the Nishan-e-Pakistan, highest civilian award given by the Government of Pakistan.
Abul Kalam Azad1992Independence activist Azad was India's first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. He was widely known as "Maulana Azad" and his birthday on 11 November is observed as National Education Day in India.
J. R. D. Tata1992Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer, Tata founded India's first airline Air India. He is the founder of various institutes including Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Tata Motors, TCS, National Institute of Advanced Studies, and National Centre for the Performing Arts.
Satyajit Ray1992Having debuted as a director with Pather Panchali (1955), film-maker Ray is credited with bringing world recognition to Indian cinema. In 1984, Ray was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema.
Gulzarilal Nanda1997Independence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the Planning Commission.
Aruna Asaf Ali1997Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942. Post-Independence, Ali was elected as Delhi's first mayor in 1958.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam1997Aerospace and defence scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India's first satellite launch vehicle SLV III and was the architect of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. He worked for Indian National Committee for Space Research, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Laboratory and was appointed as the Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister, Secretary to Department of Defence Research and Development and Director General of Defence Research and Development Organisation. Later, he served as the eleventh President of India from 2002 till 2007.
M. S. Subbulakshmi1998Carnatic classical vocalist Subbulakshmi, often hailed as "Queen of songs", is the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award.
Chidambaram Subramaniam1998Independence activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India (1964–66), Subramaniam is known for his contribution towards Green Revolution in India. During the late 1970s, he worked for International Rice Research Institute, Manila, and the International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, Mexico.
Jayaprakash Narayan1999Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as "Lok Nayak" ("People's Hero"), Narayan is better known for "Total Revolution Movement" or "JP Movement" initiated during the mid-1970s to "overthrow the corrupt and exploitative Congress government".
Amartya Sen1999Winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1998), Sen has done research over several topics including social choice theory, ethics and political philosophy, welfare economics, decision theory, development economics, public health, and gender studies.
Gopinath Bordoloi1999Independence activist Bordoloi is the first Chief Minister of Assam (1946–50). His efforts and association with the then Minister of Home Affairs Vallabhbhai Patel were widely acknowledged while keeping Assam united with India when parts of it were to merge with East Pakistan.
Ravi Shankar1999Winner of four Grammy Awards and often considered "the world's best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music", sitar player Shankar is known for his collaborative work with Western musicians including Yehudi Menuhin and George Harrison.
Lata Mangeshkar2001Widely credited as the "nightingale of India", playback singer Mangeshkar started her career in the 1940s and has sung songs in over 36 languages. In 1989, Mangeshkar was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema.
Bismillah Khan2001Hindustani classical shehnai player, Khan played the instrument for more than eight decades and is credited to have brought the instrument to the centre stage of Indian music.
Bhimsen Joshi2009Hindustani classical vocalist, Joshi was a disciple of Kirana gharana, an Indian musical school. He is widely known for the Khyal genre of singing with a "mastery over rhythm and accurate notes".
C. N. R. Rao2014The recipient of Honorary Doctorates from 63 Universities including Purdue, IIT Bombay, Oxford, chemist and professor Rao has worked prominently in the fields of Solid State and Materials Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure. He has authored around 1600 research papers and 48 books.
Sachin Tendulkar2014He played 664 international cricket matches in a career spanning over two decades. He holds various cricket records including the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International and the only player to complete more than 30,000 runs in both ODI and Test cricket.
Madan Mohan Malaviya2015Scholar and educational reformer Malaviya is a founder of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha (1906) and Banaras Hindu University and served as the university's vice-chancellor from 1919 till 1938. He was the President of Indian National Congress for four terms and was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee2015Parliamentarian for over four decades, Vajpayee was elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004. He was Minister of External Affairs during 1977–79 and was awarded the "Best Parliamentarian" in 1994.
Pranab Mukherjee2019He is an Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India from 2012 until 2017. He has been a senior leader in the Indian National Congress and has occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India. Prior to his election as President, he was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012.
Nanaji Deshmukh2019He was a social activist from India. He worked in the fields of education, health, and rural self-reliance. He was a member of RSS, a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and also a member of the Rajya Sabha. He was honoured with the Padma Vibhushan in 1999. India’s first Saraswati Shishu Mandir was established by him at Gorakhpur in 1950.
Bhupen Hazarika2019He was an Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet and film-maker from Assam, widely known as Sudhakantha. Before he got Bharat Ranta (India's highest civilian award), he received the National Film Award for Best Music Direction in 1975. Recipient of Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1987), Padmashri (1977), and Padmabhushan (2001), and also awarded with Dada Saheb Phalke Award (1992).
Bharat Ratna Award List 1954 to 2022

Bharat Ratna Award List PDF in India

Bharat Ratna Award List can be downloaded from below link.

Bharat Ratna Award List
Bharat Ratna Award List from 1954 to 2022

Read : Padma Awards List

14 thoughts on “Bharat Ratna Award List in India”

  1. Sry if iam wrong
    Highest civilian award is given to the person who is living for his purpose to serve the nation in all aspects accordingly aware of three dimensions with ecstatic instant memories accordingly to serve our nations all dimensions accordingly
    Aware of his sole purpose
    Believing in himself and his association
    He knows the problem of the worst civilian but punish accordingly
    He solved problems of himself in all aspects then turn around all feels the magic , things and predict

  2. based on this list, Rahul Gandhi and Pinki Vadra should also get Bharat Ratna. This family gives birth to people who are destined for Bharat Ratna.

  3. Why Govt has not awarded Bharat Ratna to Netaji Subash Chandra Bose? Many persons who had been awarded Bharat Ratna are much less important compared to Netaji. At least this year when his 125th birthday is being celebrated, he should be honoured by Bharat Ratna and we should correct our mistake.

  4. You are very much right. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose should be conferred with Bharat Ratna. I have seen many names, though they are great personality for our nation but Netaji's contribution is much much higher than many of them.

  5. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was completely dedicated and extended his great contribution for freedom of India compare with others. I feel without his contribution our freedom was not possible. So he must be conferred with Bharat Ratna.

  6. नकली गांधी परिवार ने अपने आपको जीते जी भारत रत्न घोषित कर लिया।डा.बाबा साहेब अम्बेडकर जी को 1990 मे भारत रत्न दिया गया। जबकि उन्हे यह बहुत पहले मिल जाना चाहिए था।स्वघोषित कंप्यूटर बाबा(पप्पू के पापा) ने ऐसा कोनसा तीर मारा था जो 1991मे भारत रत्न मिला।खिलाफत आन्दोलन वालों को भी भारत रत्न मिल गया जबकि उस आंदोलन को हमारे देश से कुछ लेना देना नहीं था। बहुत से ऐसे महान लोग हुए जिन्होंने विभिन्न क्षेत्रों मे भारत का मान बढाया ओर अपने को राष्ट्र को समर्पित किया पर उन्हें पिछली सरकार ने योग्य नहीं समझा।नेताजी सुभाषचंद्र बोस को कोन भुल सकता है। क्या पप्पू के पापा को उनसे महान ओर राष्ट्र सेवक माना गया।

  7. Nobody talks about our freedom fighter
    Subash Chandra Bose
    Bhagat Singh
    Chandrashekhar aazad
    &Many more
    They are really gems of India

  8. Netaji Subhashchandra Bose and Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar are the two eminent personalities who sacrificed their carriers for the sake of Independence. Savarkar opened active front to fight the British Govt. right in London. He inspired many youths to fight the battle of Independence. He secretly supplied revolvers from London to Mumbai for the freedom fighters in India. His two brothers were also sentenced for a very severe imprisonment in Andaman jail. It was Veer Savarkar who advised Netaji to secretly flee from India and took up battle with Briton from outside India. He advised the Nehru Govt. to have a strong Military with Indigenous arms and munition which went in vain. India suffered a lot for this negligence. He also advised Lal Bahadoor Shastri not to go to Tashkant for negotiations being a winner of the war.


  10. Netaji was the freedom fighter as a Gandhi. So both values are same.netaji ko bharat ratna dekar unke yogdaan Ko bhulaya nahi ja sakta. We khud ek bahumulya ratna the Jo dharti per kabhi kabhi janam lete he.

  11. Bharatratna is a Appreciation for his or her Commitment towards His Country (india) … But Players and Singers Got it too early….What about 66% his Income Spent Every Year for Society Welfare, and Committed In Business Generous in Giving to his Country by Physically, Financially, Mentally and Materially Every time… Please Please Please Award Shri Ratan Navel Tata ji…. With The Prestigious awards In india…. He is Our Pride and Roll model to many Enterpeuners in the Entire World.. "Manava sevaye Madhava Seva"Satya mevaa Jayathe"…
    Jai hind.


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