List of 29 States of India: Under Article 1 of Indian Constitution, India that is Bharat, shall be a union of states that is a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic with a parliamentary system of government. Before independence there were 17 provinces and 565 princely states in India, and after the independence, 562 princely states agreed to join the Indian confederation except 3 states namely Hyderabad, Mysore and Kashmir. After the enormous task of reunification of princely states, there were 14 states and 6 union territories in 1956. We continued to add new states and union territories in every decade of our nationhood.
After the formation of Telangana state by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014 on 2 June 2014, the number of states in India changed to 29 states and 7 union territories. Currently in India after bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir into two new union territories Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh on 30 October 2019. There are 28 states and 8 union territories in the country. The President is the constitutional head of union and Prime Minister is executive head of the government. In the similar way, the Governor is the executive head (nominal head of the state) and Chief Minister is the elected head of government of each state. List of 29 states of India is given below.
List of 29 States of India
The list of 29 states of India with their formation date, capital and official languages in alphabetical order is given below in table.
|S.No||Name of State||Formation Date||Capital Name||Official Language|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||1 November 1956||Amaravati||Official-Telugu|
Additional Official -Urdu
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||20 February 1987||Itanagar||English|
|3||Assam||26 January 1950||Dispur||Assamese and Bodo|
|4||Bihar||26 January 1950||Patna||Official- Hindi|
Additional Official -Urdu
|5||Chhattisgarh||1 November 2000||Raipur||Official - Hindi|
Regional - Chhattisgarhi
|6||Goa||30 May 1987||Panaji||Konkani|
|7||Gujarat||1 May 1960||Gandhinagar||Official - Gujarati|
Additional Official- Hindi
|8||Haryana||1 November 1966||Chandigarh||Official- Hindi|
Additional Official- English and Punjabi
|9||Himachal Pradesh||1 November 1956||Shimla||Official- Hindi|
Additional Official- Sanskrit
|10||Jharkhand||15 November 2000||Ranchi||Hindi|
|11||Karnataka||1 November 1956||Bengaluru||Kannada|
|12||Kerala||1 November 1956||Thiruvananthapuram||Official- Malayalam|
Additional Official- English
|13||Madhya Pradesh||1 November 1956||Bhopal||Hindi|
|14||Maharashtra||1 May 1960||Mumbai|
Nagpur (in Winter)
|15||Manipur||15 October 1949||Imphal||Meitei (Manipuri)|
|16||Meghalaya||21 January 1972||Shillong||English|
|17||Mizoram||20 February 1987||Aizawl||Mizo and English|
|18||Nagaland||1 December 1963||Kohima||English|
|19||Odisha||1 April 1936||Bhubaneswar||Odia|
|20||Punjab||1 November 1966||Chandigarh||Punjabi|
|21||Rajasthan||30 March 1949||Jaipur||Official - Hindi|
Additional Language -English
|22||Sikkim||16 May 1975||Gangtok||English, Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha|
|23||Tamil Nadu||26 January 1950||Chennai||Official - Tamil|
Additional Official - English
|24||Telangana||2 June 2014||Hyderabad||Official - Telugu|
|25||Tripura||21 January 1972||Agartala||Bengali, English Kokborok|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||24 January 1950||Lucknow||Official - Hindi|
Additional Official - Urdu
|27||Uttarakhand||9 November 2000||Dehradun (in Winter)|
Gairsain (in Summer)
|28||West Bengal||26 January 1950||Kolkata||Bengali|
Note: Under Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act 2019, bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir is done on 30 October 2019. After revocation of Article 370 from state of Jammu and Kashmir, two new union territories Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh were formed. Now the number of states in India is 28 and number of union territories is 8.
List of 8 Union Territory of India
There were 7 union territory in India before July 2019. The former state of Jammu and Kashmir is re-constituted into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, with effect from 31 October 2019. The former territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu were merged to form a new union territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu on 26 January 2020. Now there are 8 union territory in India.
|S.No||Name of Union Territory||Formation Date||Capital Name||Official Language|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Island||1 November 1956||Port Blair||Hindi and English|
|2||Chandigarh||1 November 1966||Chandigarh||English|
|3||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||26 January 2020||Daman||Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi and English|
|4||NCT of Delhi||Union Territory -1956|
National Capital Territory- 1 February 1992
|New Delhi||Hindi and English|
|5||Ladakh||31 October 2019||Leh, Kargil||Hindi and English|
|6||Lakshadweep||1 November 1956||Kavaratti||Malayalam, Hindi, English|
|7||Jammu and Kashmir||31 October 2019||Srinagar in Summer (May - Oct)|
Jammu in Winter (Nov-April)
|Hindi, Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, English|
|8||Puducherry||1 July 1963||Pondicherry||Tamil, English, French|
Additional official- Malayalam, Telugu
States and Capitals of India 2023 Pdf
There are 28 states and 8 union territories in India. States and Capitals of India 2023 Pdf or list of 29 States of India Pdf download link is given below.
India Map with States and Cities PDF [Updated]
Download India political map with cities and sates pdf from below link. Check list of 29 States of India and 8 Union Territories on map of India.
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