List of 29 States of India: Before independence there were 17 provinces and 565 princely states in India, and after the independence, 562 princely states agreed to join the Indian confederation except 3 states namely Hyderabad, Mysore and Kashmir. After the enormous task of reunification of princely states, there were 14 states and 6 union territories in1956. After the formation of Telangana state on 2 June 2014, the number of states in India changed to 29 states and 7 union territories.
Currently in India after bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir into two new union territories Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh on 30 October 2019, there are 28 states and 8 union territories in the country. Under Article 1 of Indian Constitution, India that is Bharat, shall be a union of states that is a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic with a parliamentary system of government. The President is the constitutional head of union and Prime Minister is executive head of the government. The Governor (as the representative of the President of India) is the executive head of a state. List of 29 states of India is given below.
List of 29 States of India with their Capital and Language
The list of 29 states of India with their formation date, capital and official languages is given below.
|S.No||State Name||Formation||Capital||Official Language|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||1 November 1956||Amaravati||Official-Telugu|
Additional Official -Urdu
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||20 February 1987||Itanagar||English|
|3||Assam||26 January 1950||Dispur||Assamese and Bodo|
|4||Bihar||26 January 1950||Patna||Official- Hindi|
Additional Official -Urdu
|5||Chhattisgarh||1 November 2000||Raipur||Official - Hindi|
Regional - Chhattisgarhi
|6||Goa||30 May 1987||Panaji||Konkani|
|7||Gujarat||1 May 1960||Gandhinagar||Official - Gujarati|
Additional Official- Hindi
|8||Haryana||1 November 1966||Chandigarh||Official- Hindi|
Additional Official- English and Punjabi
|9||Himachal Pradesh||1 November 1956||Shimla||Official- Hindi|
Additional Official- Sanskrit
|10||Jharkhand||15 November 2000||Ranchi||Hindi|
|11||Karnataka||1 November 1956||Bengaluru||Kannada|
|12||Kerala||1 November 1956||Thiruvananthapuram||Official- Malayalam|
Additional Official- English
|13||Madhya Pradesh||1 November 1956||Bhopal||Hindi|
|14||Maharashtra||1 May 1960||Mumbai|
Nagpur (in Winter)
|15||Manipur||15 October 1949||Imphal||Meitei (Manipuri)|
|16||Meghalaya||21 January 1972||Shillong||English|
|17||Mizoram||20 February 1987||Aizawl||Mizo and English|
|18||Nagaland||1 December 1963||Kohima||English|
|19||Odisha||1 April 1936||Bhubaneswar||Odia|
|20||Punjab||1 November 1966||Chandigarh||Punjabi|
|21||Rajasthan||30 March 1949||Jaipur||Official - Hindi|
Additional Language -English
|22||Sikkim||16 May 1975||Gangtok||English, Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha|
|23||Tamil Nadu||26 January 1950||Chennai||Official - Tamil|
Additional Official - English
|24||Telangana||2 June 2014||Hyderabad||Official - Telugu|
|25||Tripura||21 January 1972||Agartala||Bengali, English Kokborok|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||24 January 1950||Lucknow||Official - Hindi|
Additional Official - Urdu
|27||Uttarakhand||9 November 2000||Dehradun (in Winter)|
Gairsain (in Summer)
|28||West Bengal||26 January 1950||Kolkata||Bengali|
List of 8 Union Territories of India
The former territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu were merged to form a new union territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in July 2019. The former state of Jammu and Kashmir is re-constituted into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, with effect from 31 October 2019.
|S.No||Union Territories||Formation||Capital||Official Language|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Island||1 November 1956||Port Blair||Hindi and English|
|2||Chandigarh||1 November 1966||Chandigarh||English|
|3||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||26 January 2020||Daman||Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi and English|
|4||NCT of Delhi||Union Territory -1956|
National Capital Territory- 1 February 1992
|New Delhi||Hindi and English|
|5||Ladakh||31 October 2019||Leh, Kargil||Hindi and English|
|6||Lakshadweep||1 November 1956||Kavaratti||Malayalam, Hindi, English|
|7||Jammu and Kashmir||31 October 2019||Srinagar in Summer (May - Oct)|
Jammu in Winter (Nov-April)
|Hindi, Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, English|
|8||Puducherry||1 July 1963||Pondicherry||Tamil, English, French|
Additional official- Malayalam, Telugu
States and Capitals of India 2022 Pdf
There are 28 states and 8 union territories in India. States and Capitals of India 2022 Pdf or List of 29 States of India Pdf download link is given below.
India Map with States and Cities PDF
Download India political map with cities and sates pdf from below link. List of 29 States of India and Union Territories.
How many states are there in India 2022 ? List all states in India with names and capital ?
How many Union Territories are there in India 2022? List all Union Territories with their capital and formation date?
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